Horse Breeds & Pony Breeds – The Ultimate List!


The world is filled with interesting horse breeds, and we’re here to help you learn everything about them! We’ve answered all your top horse breed questions and have included links to more extensive breed posts below.

horse breeds

List of Horse Breeds (A to Z)

To find horse breeds by country, search in the Domestic Animal Diversity Information System.

  • Abtenauer
  • Aegidienberger
  • Akhal-Teke
  • Albanian horse
  • Altai horse
  • Altèr Real
  • American Belgian Draft
  • American Cream Draft
  • American Indian Horse
  • American Paint Horse
  • American Quarter Horse
  • American Saddlebred
  • American Warmblood
  • Andalusian horse
  • Andravida horse
  • Anglo-Arabian
  • Anglo-Kabarda
  • Appaloosa
  • Arabian horse
  • Ardennes horse
  • Arenberg-Nordkirchen
  • Argentine Criollo
  • Asturcón
  • Augeron horse
  • Asian wild horse
  • Australian Brumby
  • Australian Draught Horse
  • Australian Stock Horse
  • Austrian Warmblood
  • Auvergne horse
  • Auxois
  • Azerbaijan horse
  • Azteca horse
  • Baise horse
  • Balearic horse
  • Balikun horse
  • Baluchi horse
  • Banker horse
  • Barb horse
  • Bardigiano
  • Bashkir horse
  • Basque Mountain Horse
  • Bavarian Warmblood
  • Belgian Draught
  • Belgian Sport Horse
  • Belgian Trotter
  • Belgian Warmblood
  • Bhutia Horse
  • Black Forest Horse
  • Blazer horse
  • Boerperd
  • Bosnian Mountain Horse
  • Boulonnais horse
  • Belgian Draught
  • Brandenburger
  • Brazilian Sport Horse
  • Breton horse
  • Brumby
  • Budyonny horse
  • Burguete horse
  • Burmese Horse
  • Byelorussian Harness Horse
  • Calabrese horse
  • Camargue horse
  • Camarillo White Horse
  • Campeiro
  • Campolina
  • Canadian horse
  • Canadian Pacer
  • Carolina Marsh Tacky
  • Carthusian
  • Caspian horse
  • CastilianCastillonnais
  • Catria horse
  • Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale
  • Cerbat Mustang
  • Chickasaw Horse
  • Chilean horse 
  • Choctaw horse
  • Cleveland Bay
  • Clydesdale horse
  • Colorado Ranger
  • Coldblood trotter
  • Comtois horse
  • Corsican horse
  • Costa Rican Saddle Horse
  • Criollo horseCroatian Coldblood
  • Cuban Criollo
  • Cumberland Island horse
  • Curly Horse
  • Czech Warmblood
  • Daliboz
  • Danish Warmblood
  • Danube Delta horse
  • Dole Gudbrandsdal
  • Don
  • Dongola horse
  • Draft Trotter
  • Dutch Harness Horse
  • Dutch Heavy Draft
  • Dutch Warmblood
  • Dzungarian horse
  • East Bulgarian
  • East Friesian horse
  • Estonian Draft
  • Estonian Native
  • Ethiopian horses
  • Falabella
  • Finnhorse
  • Flemish Horse
  • Fleuve
  • Fjord horse
  • Florida Cracker Horse
  • Foutanké
  • Frederiksborger
  • Freiberger
  • French Trotter
  • Friesian cross
  • Friesian horse
  • Friesian Sporthorse
  • Furioso-North Star
  • Galiceno
  • Galician Pony
  • Gelderland horse
  • Georgian Grande Horse
  • German Warmblood
  • Giara Horse
  • Gidran
  • Groningen Horse
  • Gypsy horse
  • Hackney horse
  • Haflinger
  • Hanoverian horse
  • Heck horse
  • Heihe horse
  • Henson horse
  • Hequ horse
  • Hirzai
  • Hispano-Bretón
  • Hispano-Árabe
  • Holsteiner
  • Horro
  • Hungarian Warmblood
  • Icelandic horse
  • Indian Country-bred
  • Iomud
  • Irish Draught
  • Irish Sport Horse
  • Italian Heavy Draft
  • Italian Trotter
  • Jaca Navarra
  • Jeju horse
  • Jutland horse
  • Kabarda horse
  • Kafa
  • Kaimanawa horses
  • Kalmyk horse
  • Karabair
  • Karabakh horse 
  • Karossier
  • Karachai horse
  • Kathiawari horse
  • Kazakh Horse
  • Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse
  • Kiger Mustang
  • Kinsky horse
  • Konik
  • Kyrgyz Horse
  • Kisber Felver
  • Kiso Horse
  • Kladruber
  • Knabstrupper
  • Kundudo
  • Kustanair
  • Latvian horse
  • Lipizzan
  • Lithuanian Heavy Draught
  • Ljutomer Trotter
  • Lokai
  • Losino horse
  • Lusitano
  • Luxembourg Warmblood
  • Lyngshest
  • M’Bayar
  • M’Par
  • Malopolski
  • Mallorquín
  • Mangalarga
  • Mangalarga Marchador
  • Maremmano
  • Marismeño
  • Marsh Tacky
  • Marwari horse
  • Mecklenburger
  • Međimurje horse
  • Menorquín horse
  • Mérens horse
  • Messara horse
  • Mezőhegyesi sport-horse
  • Metis Trotter
  • Miniature horse
  • Misaki horse
  • Missouri Fox Trotter
  • Monchino
  • Mongolian Horse
  • Mongolian Wild Horse
  • Monterufolino
  • Morab
  • Morgan horse
  • Mountain Pleasure Horse
  • Moyle horse
  • Muraközi
  • Murgese
  • Mustang
  • Namib Desert Horse
  • Nangchen horse
  • National Show Horse
  • Nez Perce Horse
  • Nivernais horse
  • Nokota horse
  • Noma horse
  • Nonius horse
  • Nooitgedachter
  • Nordlandshest/ Lyngshest
  • Noriker horse
  • Norman Cob
  • Norsk Kaldblodstraver
  • North American Single-footing Horse
  • North Swedish Horse
  • Norwegian Fjord
  • Novoolexandrian Draught
  • Novokirghiz
  • Oberlander Horse
  • Ogaden
  • Oldenburger
  • Orlov Trotter
  • Ostfriesen and Alt-Oldenburger
  • Paint
  • Pampa horse
  • Paso Fino
  • Pentro horse
  • Percheron
  • Persano horse
  • Peruvian Paso
  • Pintabian
  • Pleven horse
  • Poitevin horse 
  • Posavac
  • Pottok
  • Priob
  • Pryor Mountain Mustang
  • Przewalski’s horse
  • Pura Raza Española
  • Purosangue Orientale
  • Qatgani
  • Quarab
  • Quarter Horse
  • Racking horse
  • Retuerta horse
  • Rhenish German Coldblood 
  • Rhinelander horse
  • Riwoche horse
  • Rocky Mountain Horse
  • Romanian Sporthorse
  • Rottaler
  • Russian Don
  • Russian Heavy Draft
  • Russian Trotter
  • Saddlebred
  • Salernitano
  • Samolaco horse
  • Sanfratellano
  • Santa Cruz Island horse
  • Sarcidano horse
  • Sardinian Anglo-Arab
  • Schleswig Coldblood
  • Schwarzwälder Kaltblut
  • Selale
  • Sella Italiano
  • Selle Français
  • Senner
  • Shagya Arabian
  • Shan Horse
  • Shire horse
  • Siciliano indigeno
  • Silesian horse
  • Sindhi horse
  • Slovenian Cold-blood
  • Sorraia
  • Sokolski horse
  • South German Coldblood
  • Soviet Heavy Draft
  • Spanish Barb
  • Spanish Jennet Horse
  • Spanish Mustang
  • Spanish-Norman horse
  • Spanish Tarpan
  • Spanish Trotter
  • Spiti Horse
  • Spotted Saddle Horse
  • Standardbred
  • Suffolk Punch
  • Svensk Kallblodstravare
  • Swedish Ardennes
  • Swedish Warmblood
  • Swiss Warmblood
  • Taishū horse
  • Takhi
  • Tawleed
  • Tchernomor
  • Tennessee Walking Horse
  • Tersk horse
  • Thoroughbred
  • Tinker horse
  • Tiger Horse
  • Tokara horse
  • Tolfetano
  • Tori horse
  • Trait Du Nord
  • Trakehner
  • Tsushima
  • Tuigpaard
  • Ukrainian Riding Horse
  • Unmol Horse
  • Uzunyayla
  • Ventasso horse
  • Virginia highlander
  • Vlaamperd
  • Vladimir Heavy Draft
  • Vyatka horse
  • Waler
  • Walkaloosa
  • Warmblood
  • Warlander
  • Welsh Cob
  • Westphalian horse
  • Wielkopolski
  • Württemberger
  • Xilingol horse
  • Yakutian horse
  • Yili horse
  • Yonaguni horse
  • Zangersheide
  • Zaniskari
  • Zweibrücker
  • Žemaitukas
More From Savvy Horsewoman:  What You Didn't Know About Friesian Horses

List of Pony Breeds (A to Z)

  • American Shetland Pony
  • American Walking Pony
  • Anadolu pony
  • Assateague Pony
  • Australian Pony
  • Australian Riding Pony
  • Bali Pony
  • Basuto pony
  • Batak Pony
  • Bosnian Pony
  • British Riding Pony
  • British Spotted Pony
  • Burmese Pony
  • Camargue horse
  • Canadian rustic pony
  • Carpathian Pony
  • Caspian horse
  • Chincoteague Pony
  • Chinese Guoxia
  • Coffin Bay Pony
  • Connemara pony
  • Czechoslovakian Small Riding Pony
  • Dales Pony
  • Danish Sport Pony
  • Dartmoor pony
  • Deli pony
  • Deutsches Reitpony
  • Dülmen Pony
  • Eriskay pony
  • Esperia Pony
  • Exmoor pony
  • Falabella
  • Faroe pony
  • Fell Pony
  • Fjord horse
  • Flores pony
  • French Saddle Pony
  • Galician Pony
  • Garrano
  • Gayoe
  • German Riding Pony
  • German Classic Pony
  • Gotland Pony
  • Guizhou pony
  • Guangxi
  • Gǔo-xìa pony
  • Hackney pony
  • Haflinger
  • Highland Pony
  • Hokkaido Pony
  • Hucul Pony
  • Hunter Pony
  • Icelandic horse
  • Java Pony
  • Kerry bog pony
  • Lac La Croix Indian Pony
  • Landais Pony
  • Lijiang pony
  • Lundy Pony
  • Manipuri Pony
  • Merens Pony
  • Miniature horse
  • Miyako Pony
  • Namaqua Pony
  • Narym Pony
  • New Forest pony
  • Newfoundland pony
  • Peneia Pony
  • Petiso Argentino
  • Pindos Pony
  • Poney Mousseye
  • Pony of the Americas
  • Quarter pony
  • Sable Island Pony
  • Sandalwood Pony
  • Shetland pony
  • Skogsruss
  • Skyros Pony
  • Sumba and Sumbawa Pony
  • Tibetan Pony
  • Timor Pony
  • Welara
  • Welsh Pony
  • Western Sudan pony

Rare Horse Breeds

We’ve put together a list of top 35 Rare Horse Breeds with declining populations. Check out the full post, or click on the breed profiles below:

Extinct Horse Breeds

  • Abaco Barb
  • Anglo-Norman
  • Angevin
  • Berrichon
  • Bidet
  • Cape Horse
  • Chapman horse
  • Charentais
  • Charolais
  • Cheval du Morvan
  • Ferghana horse
  • Galloway
  • Karacabey
  • Irish Hobby
  • Jennet
  • Mazury
  • Narragansett Pacer
  • Navarrin
  • Neapolitan
  • Nisean horse
  • Norfolk Trotter
  • Öland
  • Old English Black
  • Pozan
  • Strelets Arab
  • Turkoman Horse
  • Yorkshire Coach Horse

American Horse Breeds

This list of American Horse Breeds includes the most common horses you’ll encounter in the USA.

More From Savvy Horsewoman:  Horse Breed Abbreviations

Canadian Horse Breeds

This list includes the rare Canadian Horse Breeds that orginated in the prairies or east coast of Canada.

Types of Horses & Ponies

Breeds are often categorized by Horse Types to group those with a similar appearance or use. Check out the profiles below:

Horse Breed Registries & Associations

Registries are made to record breeding and show records or simply to connect breed owners across the country.

Horse Breeds Q&A

What is the number 1 horse breed?

More than 6 million horses have been registered by American Quarter Horse Association, making the Quarter Horse the world’s most popular horse breed.

What are the top 5 biggest horse breeds?

More From Savvy Horsewoman:  Top 5 Canadian Horse Breeds

Some of the biggest horse breeds are the Shire, Clydesdale, Belgium, Percheron, and Dutch Draft. To learn more check out our post about the World’s Tallest Horses.

What is the gentlest horse breed?

While most horse breeds can be gentle, surprisingly the largest drafts are known for being gentle giants. For riding horse types, quarter horses, morgans and appaloosas often have a quiet, gentle nature.

What is the smallest horse breed?

There are many small horse breeds, but the Falabella wins in this category! Check out 7 Smallest Horse & Pony Breeds or Einstein Horse – World’s Smallest Horse to find out more.

What is the craziest horse breed?

The Marwari horse is at the top of the list for unique and usual. They have long ears that curve inward so much that the tips touch each other.

What is the wildest horse?

There are many breeds (and crossbreeds) that are feral throughout the world. The mustang in the United States and the Brumby in Australia are good examples. There are also wild horses in  Bosnia, Croatia, Canada, New Zealand, Portugal, and Scotland.

What is the strongest horse breed?

Draft breeds are the strongest type, with Belgiums, Shires, and Percherons at the top of the list. A pair of Belgium horses can pull up to 17,000 pounds!

What is the fastest horse breed?

That depends! While many horses are built for speed, some excel at short sprints and others at long rides. Check out the Fastest Horse in the World to learn more.

What is the easiest horse breed to ride?

There’s not a particular breed that guarantees an easy ride, but rather age and experience. However, beginner riders are often drawn to quieter breeds such as quarter horses or draft crosses.

What are the easiest horse breeds to take care of?

Horses defined as “cold-blooded”, like draft breeds, are usually very hardy. Despite their large size, they are able to maintain their weight much easier than most “hot-blooded” breeds. Ponies can also be easy to care for but are more prone to founder and soundness issues due to overeating.

Horse Breed Profiles

Horse Breeds

What are your favourite horse breeds? Leave a comment below!

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1 Comment

  1. January 27, 2023 / 5:55 pm

    Wow, such a good list! Thank you very much, it works well for a job at our daughter’s school

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